Platelet-Rich Plasma: General Types and Classification

PRP injections are a known name for non-surgical skin treatments in the medical sector. The concept is quite old and has gone through a series of transformations to the present time. Based on plasma extraction from blood cells, these injections have different components to suit specific treatment needs. The following article describes some of the commonest classes of plasma extractions to prepare PRP injections in Vaughan.

General Classes of Plasma Extractions

Though an exact categorization of platelet-rich plasma is not known, the latter is classified into 4 general types as explained below:

  1. Pure Platelet-Rich Plasma (P-PRP)

Also known as Leukocyte-Poor Platelet-Rich Plasma, these extractions do not contain white blood cells. They are transformed into a low-density fibrin network on being activated. The latter is used in gel form or as liquid solutions for preparing PRP injections. Such PRP shots are injected as sports medicines, or for gelling on skin injuries.

  1. Leukocyte-and Platelet-Rich Plasma (L-PRP)

These extractions are rich in white blood cells that have a low-density fibrin network like P-PRP after getting activated. These are also used as liquid solutions or in gel form. PRP injections prepared from these extractions have shown remarkable results in orthopedic applications, sports medicines, and general surgery.

  1. Pure Platelet-Rich Fibrin (P-PRF)

The third class of PRP extractions, P-PRF comprises a high fibrin network while having no trace of white blood cells. Also known as Leukocyte-Poor Platelet-Rich Fibrin, these extractions have a relatively complex composition with a high cost. Used exclusively in a strongly activated gel composition, PRP injections prepared from these extractions have some very specific applications.

  1. Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (L-PRF)

The L-PRF extractions have white blood cells in affordable quantity and get activated to a weak fibrin network. The composite gel-activated form of these extractions prevents them from being used as the customary fibrin glue. You can, however, use them as solid ingredients of some selected PRP preparations.