Colorectal cancer is a common phrase in the health sector! It is the third most common type of cancer among men, after skin cancers. According to the American society report of 2022, the cases of colorectal cancer hit 106,180, and new cases are still coming up. Fortunately, colorectal cancer can be prevented. This is mainly through early screening, diagnosis, and avoiding cetin foods.

Colorectal cancer exhibits different symptoms, including rectal bleeding, persistent abnormal discomfort, dizziness, constipation, and changes in bowel habits. Doctors recommend that you get screened early to allow for prompt treatment.

Different tests for colorectal cancer screening

Colon cancer affects both men and women equally and can cause early death if left untreated. While there are many things to fight colorectal cancer, it’s crucial to spread the word about the value of regular screening. In light of this, this is an opportunity to know the Hong Kong colorectal cancer screening and care program.

  1. Stool tests

Colorectal cancer screening has become much more convenient for people who want to get tested. The FDA has officially approved three main categories of colorectal cancer stool testing:

  1. GFOBT tests
  2. FIT tests,

iii. FIT-DNA tests.

  1. Colonoscopy

Most doctors perform an examination and possibly biopsy via a colonoscopy if colorectal cancer signs are discovered using a stool test. A flexible tube is inserted through the patient’s rectum during a colonoscopy.

A camera for visual inspection of the colon and an instrument for biopsy tissue removal are included in this tube. The existence of malignant cells is then thoroughly examined in this biopsied tissue.

  1. Sigmoidoscopy

A sigmoidoscopy and a colonoscopy are relatively similar. Only that sigmoidoscopy is intended to inspect the rectum and sigmoid colon, and a colonoscopy is intended to look at the entire colon. Additionally, less intrusive than a colonoscopy, a sigmoidoscopy often does not require patient sedation.

  1. Virtual Colonoscopy

A virtual colonoscopy uses a CT scanner to produce images of the victim’s colon. Without the need for a colonoscopy or hysteroscopy. However, the tendency for virtual colonoscopies to overlook tiny polyps is one of its drawbacks. This test diagnosis onset of this infection, although tiny polyps are less likely to develop into cancer. This is why Hong Kong Cancer Fund organizations invest in quality screening equipment as part of holistic care.

Strategies to reduce the risk of colon cancer

There are multiple steps you may take to reduce your risk. Here are some excellent methods for safeguarding your colorectal condition.

  • Get screened for colorectal cancer

 Screenings tests check for cancer before symptoms and signs appear. These examinations can identify colon or rectal cancer early when successful treatments are more likely. For those at average risk, the American Cancer Society suggests testing beginning at age 45.

 Polyps in the colon or rectum can also be found and removed using some colorectal screening tests. Although polyps do not now have cancer, they may develop in the future. You reduce cancer risk by getting rid of them.

  • Eat lots of vegetables and fruits

Lower risk of colon or rectal cancer has been linked to diets high in fruits, leafy greens, and whole grains. Consume less processed meats, such as hot dogs and some luncheon meats. Additionally, avoid red meats since they are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer.

  • Avoid alcohol 

Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of colorectal cancer. It’s advisable to abstain from drinking. However, the American Cancer Society advises against exceeding the daily limits of two drinks for males and one for women.

  • Control your weight and exercise

If you are not physically active, you have a higher risk of having colorectal cancer rises. Additionally, being obese increases your risk of developing rectal cancer and dying from it. You can manage your weight by eating more healthily and getting more exercise.

  • Don’t smoke

Long-term smokers have a higher risk than non-smokers of developing rectal cancer and passing away from it. Consult a rehabilitation guide to quitting tobacco if you smoke and wish to stop or if you know someone else who smokes. Getting assistance enhances your likelihood of successfully stopping.

  • Why go for early screening?

The thought of being diagnosed with cancer can be terrifying. While certain cancers are completely curable, most cancers are aggressive and fatal. However, there are now more cancer survivors than ever before. Early detection and improvements in therapies have made it easy. Look at some of the many advantages of early colorectal cancer detection.

  • You get a treatment plan

Due to colon cancer’s delayed diagnosis, most people struggle to manage its effects. The treatment will be more or less successful depending on how quickly you take action. Early cancer detection improves your chances of survival since the proper treatment may get started immediately.

  • Less medical expenses

You should be prepared to pay money when looking for high-quality medical care. This applies equally to colon cancer because it is more likely that you will spend more money before the proper diagnosis is made. Early cancer identification helps you understand the situation and makes it possible to develop a financial strategy to pay for your necessary treatments.

  • You find support easily.

Your psychological and emotional health may suffer significantly after a colon cancer diagnosis. In such circumstances, focus, tenderness, and assistance become essential. Finding a support group where you can express yourself and freely discuss the issue is made easier by early cancer discovery.

Cancer is fatal, but early identification makes it simpler to seek the proper therapy and lessen its symptoms. Considering early cancer diagnosis and treatment also helps you and your family prepare for the trip.


Colorectal cancer is a fatal infection in today’s world that requires great awareness. People should get educated on the dangers of this killer disease. However, you might get stranded on where to start. From the article above, at least you will be able to learn more about colon cancer. Starting from the benefits of early detection, types of tests to diagnose it, and even great ways to lower its risks.